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Keeping the Internet a Reliable Global Public Resource

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Keeping the Internet a Reliable Global Public Resource

The Public-Root system is the only reliable technology that supports universal resolvability eliminating domain name conflicts. Universal resolvability means a user will get the same answer to the same query from any computer or device on the global Internet. Universal resolvability is of critical important to the proper operation of the Internet and the Domain Name System (DNS).

The INAIC secures the universal resolvability of Top-Level Domains (TLDs) in the Public-Root through first come first serve (FCFS) delegations. INAIC incorporates the TLD delegation guidelines of the Internet Engineering Task Force (IETF) RFC 1591 Domain Name System Structure and Delegation, by Dr. Jon Postel. Dr. Postel was the former root developer and administrator under contract to the United States government.

The INAIC applies standard FCFS domain delegation rules to all TLD requests. This means that the same rules apply to all requests. All TLD requests are processed in a non-discriminatory fashion and all TLD managers or administrators are treated as equals.

The INAIC specifications and rules on the construction of a TLD label attempt to be as general as possible. This allows for a quick response time on TLD delegations while avoiding conflicts and ensuring universal resolvability of TLDs in the Public-Root.

The INAIC will delegate any combination of alphanumeric characters including the “-“ hyphen symbol as a TLD. The INAIC TLD labels follow the rules established for ARPANET host names. The labels must start with a letter, end with a letter or digit, and have as interior characters only letters, digits, and hyphens.

TLD labels must be 63 characters or less. While upper and lower case letters are allowed in TLDs no significance is attached to the case. Two labels with the same spelling but different case shall be treated as being identical or equal.

Two character TLDs will not be delegated by the INAIC. Two letter labels are reserved as country code identifiers under ISO 3166. The INAIC will delegate two character codes only to a competent government authority associated with that code.

ISO 3166 country code TLDs will not be delegated by the INAIC to a government authority if a designated TLD manager already exists for that code. The INAIC's ISO 3166 policy recognizes existing legacy country code TLD delegations to ensure universal resolvability of the ISO 3166 code while allowing for the delegation of new unused codes.

The INAIC recognizes the TLD administrator or TLD Registrant as the designated authority and trustee of the TLD. The INAIC delegations grant a Registrant the right to administer the TLD and the published zone data establishes its creation date.

The INAIC does not act as a judicial authority or dispute resolution body. The INAIC recognizes that TLDs represent valuable electronic and intellectual property assets on the global Internet. In the event of a dispute as to the rights to a particular TLD label the INAIC shall have no role or responsibility other then to provide contact information to both parties.

The INAIC encourages contending parties to reach agreement amongst themselves. The INAIC will take no action to change any TLD unless all the contending parties agree. The TLD manager or registrant is the only recognized authority with the right to make changes to the delegation of any TLD.

It is up to the party making an application for a TLD to ensure that the intellectual or electronic property rights of third parties are not violated.

The INAIC rules and policies respecting the delegation of TLDs restore to the global Internet the stability and universal resolvability principles necessary to the proper operation of the DNS.

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  * The INAIC is the representative body for the next generation Internet DNS system globally supported by Public-Root, UN1D, TLD.NAME, UCDA, and many more.
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